400-009-9394客服在线:(9am - 11pm)登录注册

高中语法学习中的宾语从句

发布时间:2017-05-22 14:08:23编辑:365bet体育在线来源:www.356884.com浏览量:

 本文章由春喜在线英语2017.5.22日编辑发布

  宾语从句就是在复合句中作宾语的名词性从句,通常放在主句谓语动词 (及物动词) 或介词之后。

 

      1. 作动词的宾语

  (1) 由that引导的宾语从句(that 通常可以省略),例如:

  I heard that be joined the army. 我听说他参军了。

  (2) 由what, whether (if) 引导的宾语从句,例如:

  a) She did not know what had happened. 她不知道发生了什么。

  b) I wonder whether you can change this note for me. 我想知道你是否能帮我改一下笔记。

  (3) 动词+间接宾语+宾语从句。例如:

  She told me that she would accept my invitation. 她对我说她会接受我的邀请。

 

  2. 作介词的宾语,例如:

  Our success depends upon how well we can cooperate with one another. 大家的成功取决于大家之间的合作。

 

  3. 作形容词的宾语,例如:

  I am afraid (that) I’ve made a mistake. 我恐怕我已经犯了一个错误。

 

  注意:

  that 引导的从句常跟在下列形容词后作宾语:

  anxious, aware, certain, confident, convinced, determined, glad, proud, surprised, worried, sorry, thankful, ashamed, disappointed, annoyed, pleased, hurt, satisfied, content 等。也可以将此类词后的that 从句的看作原因状语从句。

 

  4. it 可以作为形式宾语

  it 不仅可以作为形式主语,还可以作为形式宾语而真正的宾语that 从句则放在句尾,特别是在带复合宾语的句子中。 例如:

  We heard it that she would get married next month. 我听说她下个月就会结婚了。

 

  5. 后边不能直接跟that 从句的动词

  这类动词有

  allow, refuse, let, like, cause, force, admire, condemn, celebrate, dislike, love, help, take, forgive等。

  这类词后可以用不定式或动名词作宾语,但不可以用that引导的宾语从句。如:

  正确表达:I admire their winning the match.

  错误表达:I admire that they won the match.

 

  6. 不可用that从句作直接宾语的动词

  有些动词不可用于“动词+间接宾语+that从句“结构中,常见的有

  envy, order, accuse, refuse, impress, forgive, blame, denounce, advise, congratulate等。

  例如:

  正确表达:He impressed the manager as an honest man.

  错误表达:He impressed the manager that he was an honest man.

 

  7. 否定的转移

  若主句谓语动词为think, consider, suppose, believe, expect, fancy, guess, imagine等,其后的宾语从句若含有否定意义,一般要把否定词转移到主句谓语上,从句谓语用肯定式。例如:

 

  I don’t think this dress fits you well. 我认为这件衣服不适合你穿。

本文标签:
XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图