400-009-9394客服在线:(9am - 11pm)登录注册

英语倒装句的用法讲解

发布时间:2017-06-13 17:02:04编辑:365bet体育在线来源:www.356884.com浏览量:

本文章由春喜在线英语2017.6.13日编辑发布

 

 

    为了强调或平衡句子结构,英语中常用倒装。倒装有全部倒装和部分倒装。

QQ截图20170613170517.jpg

 

全部倒装是指将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态动词置于主语之前。如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do,does或did等,并将其置于主语之前。现将倒装句分类讲解如下:

1. 以here,there,now,then等地点或时间副词开头的句子,谓语动词是be, come, go, remain等,而主语又是名词时,用全部倒装。注意:如果句子的主语是代词时,则不倒装。

如:Here comes the bus!/ Here it comes!

 
2. 有些动词与副词out,in,up,down,away等构成不及物动词短语。为了使句子更生动,常将这些副词提前到句首,这时用全部倒装。注意:句子的主语是代词时,则不倒装。

如:Up went the rocket. / Up it went.

 
3. 将表示地点的介词短语放在句首进行强调时,使用全部倒装。谓语动词常为不及物动词。

如: From the window came the sound of music.


4. 当句子主语部分较长,谓语部分较短,或为了强调句子的表语时,常使用全部倒装。句子的结构为“表语+系动词+主语”。

如: Gone are the days when we had nothing to eat.


5. if虚拟条件状语从句中,如果将连词if省略,需用部分倒装。

如:Were I you, I would go there.


6. as引导的让步状语从句的倒装有如下几种形式:

1) 从句的谓语部分为“不及物动词+副词”时,常将此副词提前到从句句首。

如:Hard as you try, you will not succeed.

2) 从句的谓语部分为“情态动词+不及物动词”时,常将此动词提前到从句句首。

如: Wait as you may, he will not see you.

3) 从句的谓语部分是“系动词+形容词”时,常将此表语形容词提前到从句句首。

如: Proud as the nobles are, they are afraid to see me.

4) 从句的谓语部分是“系动词+单数名词”时,则常将这个表语提前,但要省略名词前的不定冠词。

如: Child as he is, he can tell right from wrong.


7. 具有(半)否定意义的词或短语位于句首时,用部分倒装。

如:seldom, rarely, not, never, by no means, in no time, hardly...when, no sooner...than, not only...but also等。如: Not only does he do well in his lessons, but also he often helps others with their lessons.


8. “only+状语”位于句首时, 用部分倒装。

如:Only then did I know the importance of English.


9. so...that结构中,有时要强调so所修饰的形容词或副词,常将so 连同它所修饰的形容词或副词一起提前放在句首。

如: So bright was the moon that the flowers seem as bright as by day.


10. 最突出、最常见的修辞效果就是强调,其表现形式如下:

1)only +状语或状语从句置于句首,被该状语修饰的句子用部分倒装。

例子:

Only in this way can you solve this problem.

只有用这种方法,你才可以解决这个问题。

Only after he had spoken out the word did he realize he had made a big mistake.

只有当他已经说出那个字后才意识到自己犯了个大错误。

2) hardly,in no way,little,scarcely,seldom,never,no more,no longer,not,not only,no sooner,not only … (but also),not until… 等具有否定意义的词或词组位于句首,句子用部分倒装。

本文标签:
XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图