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英语中的五种基本句型

发布时间:2017-04-02 09:33:59编辑:365bet体育在线来源:www.356884.com浏览量:

 本文章由春喜在线英语2017.04.02日编辑发布

  1.主+谓(不及物动词)

  e.g. Man can think.

  The fire is burning.

  常用不及物动词有 break, breathe, burn, smoke, swim, skate, appear, disappear, work, think etc.

  

       2.主+谓+表语(系动词)

  e.g. He became a scientist.

  She is getting more and more beautiful.

  常用系动词: be, get, turn, feel, seem, appear, look, taste, sound, smell, become, go, prove etc.

  

       3.主+谓+宾(及物动词)

  e.g. We love peace.

  They will paint the door.

  常用动词有:see, watch, need, love, like, study, answer, carry, etc.

  

        4.主+谓+宾+宾补

  e.g. We elected him president.

  They painted the door white.

  I advised the students to recite the texts.

  王牌重点:常用作宾补的形式

  (1)名词:

  The couple named their baby Johnson.

  (2)形容词:

  I keep the door open.

  (3)副词:

  The naughty boy knocked the bottle over.

  (4)不定式:

  He ordered his men to fire.

  (5)分词:

  He heard me singing.

  I saw the vase broken.

  (6)介词短语:

  They look on him as a teacher.

  (7)名词性从句:

  I asked him what he was doing.

  

       5.(1)主+谓+间接宾语+直接宾语

  My friend bought me a gift.

  I passed him the book.

  (2)主+谓+直宾+介词+间宾

  My friend bought a gift for me.

  I passed the book to him.

  忘记就意味着背叛→

  常与介词 for 搭配的动词有:

  buy, make, do, get, play, call, choose, cook, fetch, find, keep, order, save, etc.

  常与介词 to 搭配的动词有:

        bring, give, grant, hand, pass, lend, offer, pay, promise, sell, send, show, each, tell, throw, write, etc.

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