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看似简单的"back"却一点都不简单

发布时间:2017-04-06 11:26:04编辑:365bet体育在线来源:www.356884.com浏览量:
本文章由春喜在线英语2017.4.6日编辑发布
 
 
 
 
英语有很多实用小词。一个看似简单的"back"却一点都不简单。今天大家一起了解"back"的用法。
微信截图_20170406113943.jpg
 
后退
move backward;make sth backward

She backed against the wall, terrified.
她吓得后退,紧贴着墙。

You'll have to back the car up into the garage.
你得倒车入库。



后面的
We were sitting in the back row,so it is hard to see the singer clearly.
大家坐在后排所以很难看清歌手的样子。



过去的、过期的
back number:专指过期的杂志期刊

It doesn't matter. It was a back number anyway.
没关系,反正都是过期的杂志。



拖欠、积欠的
a back pay/rent/taxes

He was unemployed and owed 2 months'back rent.
他失业了且欠了两个月的房租。

The boss must provide back rent with workers.
老板必须把积欠的工资支付给员工。


 
背后的原因
at the back of 
 
Could you feel anything at the back of it?
你知道这里面的名堂吗?

at the back of mind
内心所想,但不是很确定的东西

I have an idea at the back of mind that I met him somewhere.
我好像记得似乎在哪里见过他。


 
依靠某人
be one's back
 
He must be his back because he has no choice.
他必须依靠他因为别无他法。


turn one's back on
①把背转向他人,形容不理睬别人,衍伸为拒绝他人

I turned to him for help ,but he turned his back on me.
我向他求助,但他不愿搭理我。

②背弃、放弃

She turned her back on what she insisted
她放弃了一直以来所坚持的。


 
瞒着别人;背着别人做某事
behind one's back
 
We should not speak ill of a man behind his back, which is impolite.
大家不应该背地里说别人的坏话,这是不礼貌的。


 
退居二线、次要地位;知趣靠边站
take a back seat
 
The senior took a back seat and made room for the young and new ideas.
长者退居二线让位给年轻人和新思想。


 
前前后后,来来回回
back and forth
 
The wind moved the twigs gently back and forth.
风轻轻地吹着树枝来回摇晃。


 
往返,来回
there and back 
 
Can I go there and back in one day?
我一天内来回赶得了吗?


其他常见短语:

break one's back(全力以赴)
back down(退出)
answer back(顶嘴)
bring back to health(恢复健康)
come back(回来;重新流行;想起来)
hand back (物归原主)
pay back(还清)
sit back (袖手旁观)
win back(重新赢回)
turn back(折回;往回走)
run/roll back(倒带)
bite back(很快抑制自己,没有说出不该说的话)
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